Glucose has a famously strong sugar flavor, and it plays an important role in the human body in addition to being very useful in the kitchen. Liquid glucose is a solution of glucose suspended in liquid and is an extremely pure form of glucose which has a concentrated flavor. Glucose is produced commercially via the enzymatic process of Starch and starch is produced from Maize.
Corn Syrup or Glucose Syrup
Liquid glucose (sp. Gravity 1.43) is a thick, syrupy, colorless to yellowish liquid obtained by the partial hydrolysis of Starch. It contains, water 14.20% dextrose maltose 31-55% ash, 0.5-0.8% and per obtain 0.02%.
Average Analysis of Rice in India
Liquid Glucose is widely used as nutritional supplement and sweetener in food production-
- Making Candies, Chocolates
- Making Ice creams, Canned Fruits
- Fruit Juices and beverages
- Making breads and puddings
- Making cold drinks and beverages
- Making Jams, Jellies and other dairy products
- Used as antioxidant
- Used for pliability and weight to the leather.
- Used in shoe polish to prevent caking and also results in a quicker and better shine
- Liquid Glucose is widely used as nutritional supplement oral tablets and as buffering agent in injection.
- Liquid Glucose is widely used as Buffering agent in veterinary medicine and nutrition supplement in Agriculture/Animal Feed.
Starch is an abundant carbohydrate distributed worldwide in plants. Starch has been a major ingredient in man’s diet over the centuries. As such 80% of the total production for liquid glucose and 60 percent of total production for dextrose is used by drugs and pharmaceutical industry. In addition it has become a major industrial raw material. Indian starch industry mainly consumes Rice/maize as input raw material.
Maize is doing wonderful things in our everyday life. Maize is present in one form or other in-
- The Food we eat
- The Milk we drink
- The Chocolates/Biscuits we take
- The Clothes we wear
- The Paper we read
- The Medicines we take etc.
The wet milling process can be divided into seven major steps-
- Grinding and DE germination
- Fiber Extraction
- Gluten washing & screening
- Starch Dewatering
- Jet Cooking
- Liquefaction Process
- Carbon Treatment
- Ion-exchange Process
- Multiple effect evaporator
- Batch Evaporator
- Ring Dryer